Zipper History


Gideon Sundback (April 24, 1880, Sweden – June 21, 1954, United States) is a Swedish electrical engineer. Gideon Sundback is known as the developer of zippers. Otto Fredrik Gideon Sundback was born in Sweden. He was the son of a very rich farmer. After completing his education in Sweden, he went to Germany. In 1903 he took the engineering exam. In 1905 he emigrated to the United States. In 1905, he started working at Westinghouse electric utility in Pittsburgh. In 1906 he moved to Universal Fastener in New Jersey. Later he was promoted to chief designer in the same company. In 1909 Elvira married Aronson. Sundback worked on a company named Talon between 1906 and 1914 and he made many developments about zipper. Elias Howe, Max Wolff, and Whitcomb Judson. Sundback has made great contributions to the development of the zipper. He also made a machine that produces zippers. In 1951 he was awarded a gold medal by the Swedish Royal Academy for his achievements in engineering. In 1954 he lost his life as a result of a heart attack.

“Gideon Sundback has patented “Detachable Fastener”. In addition, the first zipper was used by Gideon Sundback.

Zipper is one of the most used industrial products in everyday life among the invented products.